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防晒霜都安全吗?避免使用不安全的防晒霜

防晒霜,英文是 Suncreen,主要用于保护皮肤不受太阳晒伤,防晒霜主要分为物理防晒霜和化学防晒霜,物理防晒霜比化学防晒霜更安全。

合理的使用防晒霜,可以防止皮肤晒伤、皮肤癌、早期的皮肤老化等问题。可是您使用的防晒霜真的安全吗?

2020年2月,FDA发布的研究报告表明,防晒霜中的化学物质有可能会进入血液。

文末公布了亚马逊最畅销的100款防晒霜排名请注意,在这份畅销榜单中,既包含物理防晒霜,也包括化学防晒霜,请查看防晒霜的主要有效成分。如果您与笔者一样,关注物理防晒霜,请阅读我们的为您推荐的11款物理防晒霜

哪些防晒霜最安全?

防晒主要有两种方法:物理防晒和化学防晒。

  • 物理防晒:英文叫做Physical Sunscreen,或者Mineral Sunscreen。就是使用氧化锌 (zinc oxide) 和二氧化钛 (titanium dioxide) 等自然矿物质,来阻挡紫外线;
  • 化学防晒:英文叫做 Chemical Sunscreen。就是使用化学物质来吸收紫外线,从而将其转化成热,从皮肤排出;有效化学成分主要包括氧苯酮 (oxybenzone)、阿伏苯宗 (avobenzone)、水杨酸辛酯 (octisalate),奥克立林 (octocrylene)、甲基水杨醇(homosalate)、肉桂酸辛酯 (octinoxate)和依莰舒 (ecamsule)等。

美国食品和药物管理局FDA建议:只有物理防晒霜才是最安全的;也就是使用氧化锌 (Zinc Oxide) 或者二氧化钛 (Titanium Dioxide) 作为有效成分的防晒霜才是最安全、并且有效的。

FDA在2019年2月21的研究报告中指出:Zinc Oxide 和 Titanium Dioxide 被认为是安全、有效的两种防晒霜成分。FDA发布的信息图截图如下:

FDA 2019 Feb
2019年2月21日,FDA发表的信息图

FDA在2020年1月21日发表了关于《化学防晒霜成分是否会进入身体》的研究结果,表明一些防晒霜的化学成分会通过皮肤进入人体,到底对人体有没有影响,还需要进一步的研究和测试。原文如下:

Results from our study released today show there is evidence that some sunscreen active ingredients may be absorbed. However, the fact that an ingredient is absorbed through the skin and into the body does not mean that the ingredient is unsafe, nor does the FDA seeking further information indicate such. Rather, this finding calls for further industry testing to determine the safety and effect of systemic exposure of sunscreen ingredients, especially with chronic use.

FDA In Brief: FDA announces results from second sunscreen absorption study

所以,如果您非常看重防晒霜的安全性,请考虑使用物理防晒霜,也就是使用 Zinc Oxide 和 Titanium Dioxide 作为有效成分的防晒霜。尽量不要选择还有化学成分的防晒霜。尤其是,给孩子使用的防晒霜,最好格外注意。

选购防晒霜的三个重要指标

广谱 (Broad Spectrum)

带有广谱的防晒霜可以有效的防护太阳紫外线的伤害。紫外线有两种:UVA 和 UVB。

具有广谱的防晒霜可以同时防护这两种紫外线。但是,不是所有的防晒霜都是广谱的。

所以,一定要在产品标牌上找到“Broad Spectrum”的字样。

防晒指数 SPF (Sun Protection Factor)

防晒指数表明,防晒霜可以阻止太阳晒伤的级别。表明使用这种防晒霜后,经受多少紫外线照射,会将皮肤晒伤。指数用SPF表达,英文是 Sun Protection Factor,指数越高,保护的级别越高。

  • 一般是选用SPF 15及以上的防晒霜;
  • 如果皮肤较白,可以选择SPF 30~50的防晒霜;

纠错:SPF数值与日照时间没有直接关系,而是与日照量有关。不要忘记,每天不同的时间段,以及您所处的不同纬度,相同时间照射的太阳光线也不相同。

有效成分 (Active Ingredients)

防晒霜中的有效成分主要是用来防止太阳紫外线的照射,物理防晒霜的有效成分就是氧化锌和二氧化钛;而化学防晒霜的主要成分就是Oxybenzone, octinoxate, octisalate、和avobenzone等等。

结论:

  • 如果您希望选购既安全、又有效的防晒霜,那么最好选用物理防晒霜
  • 尽量选用不含Oxybenzone等化学成分的防晒霜;

物理防晒霜推荐

1. EltaMD UV Sport Sunscreen Broad-Spectrum SPF 50

51ddeTpLiNL. SL1296
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 有效成分为 Zinc Oxide;
  • 广谱,抗UVA、UVB;
  • 不含香料、油脂、和防腐剂;
  • 不论皮肤是否沾水,都可以直接涂抹;
  • 亚马逊超过1100评论、评分达到4.6/5;

2. Australian Gold Botanical Sunscreen Tinted Face Mineral Lotion SPF 50

61xQP8vm80L. SL1000
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 不含Oxybenzone、防腐剂、酞酸酯、PBPA、硫化物、染料、油脂等;
  • 广谱,防UVA、UVB;
  • 防过敏设计;
  • 有效成分为:Zinc Oxide 和 Titanium Dioxide,无化学成分;
  • 亚马逊热门产品:每月的销量超过8000盒,有超过4100个评价,评分达到4.4/5.0。

3. La Roche-Posay Anthelios Tinted Mineral Ultra-Light Fluid Broad Spectrum SPF 50

71hU8BEIYL. SL1500
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 2016年获得Glamour Beauty Awards;
  • 广谱,防UVA、UVB;
  • 防晒指数SPF 50;
  • 100%矿物成分,不含化学物质;
  • 不含油脂;
  • 可以单独使用,也那么可以在化妆之前,先涂抹防晒霜;

4. Coppertone Pure & Simple SPF 50 Sunscreen Lotion

Coppertone Pure & Simple SPF 50 Sunscreen Lotion
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 广谱 Broad Spectrum,防UVA、UVB;
  • 不会引起过敏;
  • 主要成分是天然的二氧化锌,同时添加100%天然植物成分;
  • 不含PAPA、香料、氟化物、染料、酒精、和Oxybenzone等;

5. CeraVe Tinted Sunscreen with SPF 30 

51za73urb4L. SL1000
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 广谱,阻挡UVA/UVB;
  • 100%基于矿物成分;
  • 不含Oxybenzone、防腐剂、化学成分;
  • 防晒啥指数SPF 30;
  • 可以单独使用,也可以在化妆前使用

6. SheerZinc Dry-Touch Face Sunscreen SPF 50

81pnzHCdbL. SL1500
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 有效成分是氧化锌(zinc oxide);
  • 广谱 (Broad Spectrum),防护UVA和UVB;
  • 不会引起过敏;
  • 不含香料、染料、防腐剂、和油脂;
  • 不会堵塞毛孔、引起粉刺;

7. Aveeno Positively Mineral Sensitive Skin Daily Sunscreen Lotion with SPF 50 & 100% Zinc Oxide

71OYcdfAVOL. SL1500 1
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 最大众化的超市品牌,在哪个超市都能买得到;
  • 100% Zinc Oxide;
  • 没有油脂;
  • 含量为 3盎司;

推荐给孩子的物理防晒霜

1. Australian Gold Botanical Sunscreen Mineral Lotion for Kids SPF 50

71Ck9IFViCL. SL1500 1
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 不含各种化学和防腐成分,比如Oxybenzone、PABA、染料、防腐、油脂等;
  • 广谱,防UVA、UVB;
  • 有效成分是Zinc Oxide 和 Titanium Dioxide,同时含有全天然植物的附加成分;

2. Thinkbaby Safe Sunscreen SPF 50+

710gW4UXDbL. SL1500
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 每盒的重量为6盎司;
  • 不含任何 Avobenzone, Oxybenzone, Paraben, Phthalates, PABA等成分;
  • 广谱、防护 UVA、UVB;
  • 涂在身上,不会有油腻感;

3. Neutrogena Sheer Zinc Oxide Kids Mineral Sunscreen Lotion

71ueu6u3dL. AC SL1500
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 广谱 (Board Spectrum) ,对UVA/UVB同时防护;
  • 不含防腐剂、香料、和染料;
  • 防晒指数超过50;
  • 无泪配方:没有任何刺激;

4. Aveeno Kids Continuous Protection Zinc Oxide Mineral Sunscreen Lotion

71qMpCkniML. SL1500 1
@Amazon

Affiliate Link

  • 成分完全天然,100%的Zinc Oxide;
  • 无泪配方:没有任何刺激;
  • 无油脂、无香料、无防腐剂;
  • 广谱,防UVA、UVB;
  • 防晒指数SPF 50;

FDA的防晒建议

  • 减少太阳直射的时间,尤其是10:00 am ~ 2:00 pm的时间段;
  • 穿戴长袖、长裤、太阳镜和宽边的帽子,保护皮肤不被晒伤;
  • 使用SPF 15及以上的防晒霜;
  • 如果长时间在太阳下,每两个小时使用一次防晒霜;如果您在出汗、或者进出水,需要更频繁的使用防晒霜;
  • FDA建议,不要让婴幼儿在10:00am~2:00pm 之间暴露在太阳下,最好使用衣物、帽子来防晒;

如何合理的使用防晒霜?

  • 在出门前的15分钟,涂抹防晒霜;
  • 涂抹整个脸和身体(避免眼睛和嘴);
  • 常常会忘记涂抹的地方:耳朵、鼻子、嘴唇、后颈部、手、脚背、发际线的位置、头部没有头毛或者头毛稀疏的位置;
  • 了解您的皮肤类型,皮肤相对较白的皮肤更容易洗手太阳光照;
  • 每两个小时使用一次防晒霜,如果出汗或者游泳,需要更加频繁的使用;

FDA提示:防水的防晒霜根本不存在。如果去海滩下水,需要要更多次的涂抹防晒霜;

最畅销的防晒霜排名 TOP100

更新时间: 2022月12日

#1

Acne Face Wash with Benzoyl Peroxide by the makers of
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#2

Supergoop! Unseen Sunscreen 1.7 oz SPF 40 PA+++ Reef Friendly
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#6

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Banana Boat Sport Ultra Reef Friendly Broad Spectrum Sunscreen Lotion
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#9

La Roche Posay Anthelios Clear Skin Dry Touch Sunscreen SPF
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#10

EltaMD UV Physical SPF 41 Tinted Mineral Sunscreen Chemical Free
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#11

La Roche Posay Anthelios Melt In Milk Body & Face
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Thinkbaby SPF 50+ Baby Sunscreen – Safe Natural Sunblock for
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#13

Supergoop! PLAY Everyday Lotion 18 oz SPF 50 PA++++ Reef
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#14

EltaMD UV Sport Broad Spectrum SPF 50 Sunscreen Sport Lotion
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#15

Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch Water Resistant and Non Greasy
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#16

Coppertone SPORT Sunscreen Spray SPF 50 Water Resistant Spray Sunscreen
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#17

innisfree Daily UV Defense Sunscreen Broad Spectrum SPF 36 Face
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#18

Cetaphil Sheer 100% Mineral Liquid Sunscreen for Face With Zinc
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#19

BLUE LIZARD Sensitive Mineral Sunscreen with Zinc Oxide SPF 50+
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#20

Neutrogena Sheer Zinc Oxide Dry Touch Mineral Face Sunscreen Lotion
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#21

Thinksport SPF 50+ Mineral Sunscreen – Safe Natural Sunblock for
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#22

Neutrogena Healthy Defense Daily Moisturizer with SPF 50 and Vitamin
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#23

La Roche Posay Anthelios Melt in Milk Body & Face
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#24

Neutrogena Wet Skin Kids Water Resistant Sunscreen Stick for Face
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#25

Hawaiian Tropic Sheer Touch Lotion Sunscreen Moisturizing Broad Spectrum Protection
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#26

Sun Bum Premium Day Tripper Travel Sized Sun Care Pack
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#27

Neutrogena Beach Defense Water Resistant Sunscreen Stick with Broad Spectrum
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#28

Neutrogena Beach Defense Water Resistant Sunscreen Lotion with Broad Spectrum
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#29

La Roche Posay Anthelios Light Fluid Face Sunscreen Broad Spectrum
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#30

Banana Boat Sport Ultra Broad Spectrum Sunscreen Spray SPF 100
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#31

Aveeno Protect + Hydrate Moisturizing Body Sunscreen Lotion With Broad
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#32

Reef Safe Sunscreen SPF 50 All Natural Water Resistant Moisturizing
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#33

Hawaiian Tropic Silk Hydration Weightless Sunscreen Face Lotion Broad Spectrum
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#34

Australian Gold Continuous Spray Sunscreen with Instant Bronzer SPF 15
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#35

CeraVe Mineral Sunscreen Stick for Kids & Adults 100% Mineral
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#36

Pipette Mineral Sunscreen SPF 50 Broad Spectrum Baby Sunblock with
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Coppertone SPORT Sunscreen Spray SPF 30 Water Resistant Spray Sunscreen
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#38

Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Body Mist Sunscreen Spray Broad Spectrum SPF
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#39

Banana Boat Kids Sport Sunscreen Spray Sting Free Tear Free
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#40

Force Shield Superlight Sunscreen SPF 30 from Hero Cosmetics Everyday
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#41

Australian Gold Spray Gel Sunscreen with Instant Bronzer SPF 30
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#42

Neutrogena Beach Defense Spray Sunscreen with Broad Spectrum SPF 70
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#43

Bee Bald SMOOTH PLUS Daily Moisturizer w SPF 30 Broad
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#44

EltaMD UV Sheer SPF 50+ Face and Body Sunscreen Lotion
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#45

EltaMD UV Restore SPF 40 Anti Aging Face Moisturizer For
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#46

Alba Botanica Hawaiian Sunscreen Clear Spray SPF 50 Coconut 6
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#47

BLUE LIZARD Sensitive Mineral Sunscreen Stick with Zinc Oxide SPF
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#48

Sun Bum SPF 30 Mineral Sunscreen Lip Balm Vegan and
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#49

BLUE LIZARD Sensitive Mineral Sunscreen with Zinc Oxide 50+ Water
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#50

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#51

Supergoop! PLAY Antioxidant Body Mist w Vitamin C 6 fl
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#52

Sun Bum Mineral SPF 30 Tinted Sunscreen Face Lotion Vegan
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#53

Banana Boat Sunscreen Sport Performance Broad Spectrum Sun Care Sunscreen
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#54

Rohto SKIN AQUA UV Super Moisture Gel 110g SPF50 PA
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#55

Eau Thermale Avene High Protection Beige Tinted Compact Broad Spectrum
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#56

Neutrogena Beach Defense Sunscreen Spray SPF 50 Water Resistant Sunscreen
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#57

Sun Bum Mineral SPF 50 Sunscreen Face Stick Vegan and
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#58

Shiseido Ultimate Sun Protector Lotion SPF 50 Unisex 5 oz
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#59

Supergoop! SPF Bestsellers Starter Kit Reef Friendly Broad Spectrum Sunscreen
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Dermalogica Dynamic Skin Recovery SPF50 Anti Aging Face Sunscreen Moisturizer
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Bissport SPF 30 Sunscreen Made by Women of Color for
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#62

Thinksport Kids SPF 50+ Mineral Sunscreen – Safe Natural Sunblock
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#63

Banana Boat Kids Sport Sunscreen Stick Sting Free Tear Free
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#64

Hawaiian Tropic Island Sport Sunscreen Lotion Ultra Light High Performance
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#65

Brush On Sunscreen Mineral Powder for Sensitive Skin Medium 1
Brush On Sunscreen Mineral Powder for Sensitive Skin Medium 1

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#66

Alastin HydraTint Pro Mineral Broad Spectrum Sunscreen SPF 36
Alastin HydraTint Pro Mineral Broad Spectrum Sunscreen SPF 36

原价: $59.96
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#67

COOLA Organic Sunscreen SPF 30 Sunblock Spray Tested Skin Care
COOLA Organic Sunscreen SPF 30 Sunblock Spray Tested Skin Care

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#68

TULA Skin Care Protect + Glow Daily Sunscreen Gel Broad
TULA Skin Care Protect + Glow Daily Sunscreen Gel Broad

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#69

Nivea Sun Protect Super Water Gel SPF50 PA +++ [refill]
Nivea Sun Protect Super Water Gel SPF50 PA +++ [refill]

原价: $13.99
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#70

Neutrogena Sensitive Skin Mineral Sunscreen Lotion with Broad Spectrum SPF
Neutrogena Sensitive Skin Mineral Sunscreen Lotion with Broad Spectrum SPF

原价: $15.14
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#71

Banana Boat Ultra Sport Sunscreen Lotion Broad Spectrum SPF 50
Banana Boat Ultra Sport Sunscreen Lotion Broad Spectrum SPF 50

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#72

Alba Botanica Sunscreen Lotion Sport SPF 45 Fragrance Free 4
Alba Botanica Sunscreen Lotion Sport SPF 45 Fragrance Free 4

原价: $10.99
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#73

La Roche Posay Anthelios Ultra Light Body and Face Sunscreen
La Roche Posay Anthelios Ultra Light Body and Face Sunscreen

原价: $26.99
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#74

CeraVe 100% Mineral Sunscreen SPF 50 Body Sunscreen with Zinc
CeraVe 100% Mineral Sunscreen SPF 50 Body Sunscreen with Zinc

原价: $15.99
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#75

Bioré Japan Aqua Rich Watery Essence Sunblock Sunscreen Blue Spf50+
Bioré Japan Aqua Rich Watery Essence Sunblock Sunscreen Blue Spf50+

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#76

Aveeno Protect + Hydrate Moisturizing Body Sunscreen Lotion With Broad
Aveeno Protect + Hydrate Moisturizing Body Sunscreen Lotion With Broad

原价: $27.27
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#77

Vanicream Sunscreen Broad Spectrum SPF 50+ oz. 3 Ounce
Vanicream Sunscreen Broad Spectrum SPF 50+ oz. 3 Ounce

原价: $17.99
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#78

Alba Botanica Sensitive Sunscreen Spray SPF 50 Fragrance Free 6
Alba Botanica Sensitive Sunscreen Spray SPF 50 Fragrance Free 6

原价: $13.99
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#79

SHISEIDO ANESSA Perfect UV Sunscreen Mild Milk N SPF50+ PA++++
SHISEIDO ANESSA Perfect UV Sunscreen Mild Milk N SPF50+ PA++++

原价: $35.0
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#80

Avon Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plus Insect Repellent Gentle
Avon Skin So Soft Bug Guard Plus Insect Repellent Gentle

原价: $18.49
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#81

Banana Boat Light As Air Sunscreen Broad Spectrum Lotion SPF
Banana Boat Light As Air Sunscreen Broad Spectrum Lotion SPF

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#82

Reef Safe Sunscreen SPF 50 (2 Pack) All Natural Travel
Reef Safe Sunscreen SPF 50 (2 Pack) All Natural Travel

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#83

Sun Bum Sun Bum Original Spf 50 Sunscreen Lotion Vegan
Sun Bum Sun Bum Original Spf 50 Sunscreen Lotion Vegan

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#84

EltaMD UV Lotion SPF 30+ Full Body Sunscreen with Zinc
EltaMD UV Lotion SPF 30+ Full Body Sunscreen with Zinc

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#85

Amazon Brand Solimo Sport Sunscreen Lotion SPF 30 Reef Friendly
Amazon Brand Solimo Sport Sunscreen Lotion SPF 30 Reef Friendly

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#86

BGS Black Girl Sunscreen SPF 30. Ultra Sheer Moisturizing Sunscreen
BGS Black Girl Sunscreen SPF 30. Ultra Sheer Moisturizing Sunscreen

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#87

Hawaiian Tropic Tanning Oil Pump Spray SPF 25 8 Fl
Hawaiian Tropic Tanning Oil Pump Spray SPF 25 8 Fl

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#88

Amazon Brand Solimo Sport Sunscreen Lotion SPF 50 Reef Friendly
Amazon Brand Solimo Sport Sunscreen Lotion SPF 50 Reef Friendly

原价: $6.98
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#89

Coppertone SPORT Sunscreen SPF 50 Lotion Water Resistant Sunscreen Broad
Coppertone SPORT Sunscreen SPF 50 Lotion Water Resistant Sunscreen Broad

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#90

Sun Bum Mineral SPF 50 Sunscreen Lotion Vegan and Reef
Sun Bum Mineral SPF 50 Sunscreen Lotion Vegan and Reef

原价: $17.49
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#91

Coppertone SPORT Sunscreen SPF 70 Lotion Water Resistant Sunscreen Lotion
Coppertone SPORT Sunscreen SPF 70 Lotion Water Resistant Sunscreen Lotion

原价: $15.98
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#92

Coppertone Tanning Sunscreen Lotion Water Resistant Body Sunscreen SPF 15
Coppertone Tanning Sunscreen Lotion Water Resistant Body Sunscreen SPF 15

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#93

Bondi Sands Fragrance Free Sunscreen Body Lotion SPF 50 Hydrating
Bondi Sands Fragrance Free Sunscreen Body Lotion SPF 50 Hydrating

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#94

THRIVE Natural Moisturizing Mineral Face Sunscreen SPF 30 2 Ounces
THRIVE Natural Moisturizing Mineral Face Sunscreen SPF 30 2 Ounces

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#95

Coppertone Pure and Simple Zinc Oxide Mineral Sunscreen Lotion SPF
Coppertone Pure and Simple Zinc Oxide Mineral Sunscreen Lotion SPF

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#96

Mineral Tinted Crème SPF 30 Sunscreen Smooth Lightly Tinted Broad
Mineral Tinted Crème SPF 30 Sunscreen Smooth Lightly Tinted Broad

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#97

COOLA Organic Sunscreen SPF 50 Sunblock Spray Tested Skin Care
COOLA Organic Sunscreen SPF 50 Sunblock Spray Tested Skin Care

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#98

Sun Bum SPF 15 Moisturizing Tanning Oil Broad Spectrum UVA
Sun Bum SPF 15 Moisturizing Tanning Oil Broad Spectrum UVA

原价: $20.49
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#99

Coppertone SPORT Sunscreen SPF 30 Water Resistant Sunscreen Lotion Broad
Coppertone SPORT Sunscreen SPF 30 Water Resistant Sunscreen Lotion Broad

原价: $13.98
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#100

Coppertone SPORT Sunscreen Spray SPF 50 Water Resistant Spray Sunscreen
Coppertone SPORT Sunscreen Spray SPF 50 Water Resistant Spray Sunscreen

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常见问题

问题一:有哪些推荐的防晒霜?

1. EltaMD UV Sport Sunscreen Broad-Spectrum SPF 50;
2. Australian Gold Botanical Sunscreen Tinted Face Mineral Lotion SPF 50;
3. La Roche-Posay Anthelios Tinted Mineral Ultra-Light Fluid Broad Spectrum SPF 50
。。。

问题二:有哪些不同类型的防晒霜?

防晒霜主要分为物理防晒霜和化学防晒霜;
物理防晒:就是使用氧化锌 (zinc oxide) 和二氧化钛 (titanium dioxide) 等自然矿物质,来阻挡紫外线;
化学防晒:就是使用化学物质来吸收紫外线,从而将其转化成热,从皮肤排出。

问题三:选购防晒霜需要看哪些指标?

购买防晒霜时,您需要在产品标识上查看以下三个指标:
1、广谱 (Broad Spectrum)
2、防晒指数 SPF (Sun Protection Factor)
3、有效成分 (Active Ingredients)

问题四:涂抹防晒霜安全吗?

不是所有的防晒霜都被证明是安全的。目前,公认的最安全、有效的防晒霜就是物理防晒霜,也就是有效成分是Zinc Oxide 和 Titanium Dioxide的防晒霜。
美国食品药物管理局 (FDA) 在2020年1月,公布了初步的研究成果,表明,化学类防晒霜的成分会通过皮肤进入人体,但对人是否有影响,还需要进一步的论证和试验。
所以,选用物理防晒霜是最安全和有效的。

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